Shalya Tantra – The scope of this branch of Medical Science is to remove (from an ulcer) any extraneous substance such as, fragments of hay, particles of stone, dust, iron or bone; splinters, nails, hair, clotted blood, or condensed pus (as the case may be) or to draw out a dead fetus of the uterus, or to bring about safe parturitions in cases of false presentation, and to deal with the principle and mode of using and handling surgical instruments in general, and with the application of heat (cautery) and alkaline (caustic) substances, together with the diagnosis and treatment of ulcers. When we list out the first to contribute in surgery, in all those firsts Sushruta’s name is seen, like first to describe dissection, absorbable suture material, instruments, operative procedure for specific diseases. Like this the list almost seems to be so much which shows the contribution of Indian sciences in medical field. Sushruta Samhita, a systematic study of surgery (General, Orthopedic, Plastic, Gynecology, ENT, Ophthalmology, etc) is the earliest treatise and also the best which deals with the surgery.
This department also includes therapies like
- LEECH THERAPY,
- KSHARA KARMA,
- AGNI KARMA,
- SIRA VEDANA,